Since EVs rely on electric batteries instead of burning fossil fuels, they reduce carbon emission rates significantly. However, when disposed of in landfills, old EV batteries cause greenhouse gas emissions that affect the climate. To make electric cars sustainable, battery makers must rethink the battery design and materials. Currently, automakers and battery manufacturers are exploring different battery technologies.
The latest developments in EV battery technology include nanobolt lithium tungsten batteries, hydrogen fuel cells, zinc-manganese oxide batteries, organosilicon electrolyte batteries, and gold nanowire gel electrolyte batteries. These battery inventions support sustainability in various ways.
Nanobolt lithium tungsten batteries, for example, improve power storage, thus eliminating the need to recharge your EV frequently. You can also extend its life cycle by keeping the car cool. Thanks to the gel additive in gold nanowire gel-electrolyte batteries can exceed 100,000 charges. With increased lifespan, these EV batteries reduce the demand for lithium mining.
Smart Management for EV Charging
Range anxiety is a key barrier to widespread adoption of electric vehicles. Many prospective car buyers question how long they can drive an EV on a single charge. To address this concern, countries are installing fast public charging infrastructure. But too often, operational problems caused by software prevent drivers from recharging their car batteries faster. Smart EV charging management systems powered by artificial intelligence have the potential to solve 80% of software-related charger issues.
AI-algorithms help identify issues affecting the functionality of chargers in real-time and automate self-repairs. This helps maximize the charger uptime and optimizes the charging experience of drivers. While advanced charging management systems optimize charging, industry experts encourage EV owners to learn ways to improve range in electric cars. This includes driving more efficiently by paying attention to gradual acceleration and gentle stops. EV drivers should use the 80/20 charging rule and apply regenerative braking.
Better Electric Motors
Electric motors are essential components because without them, electric vehicles wouldn’t be a reality. The benefits of electric motors include quieter operations, zero emission, and reduced maintenance costs. The primary function of electric motors include fast acceleration and high levels of torque, thus improving EV performance. Several innovations are transforming electric motors to ensure they are more efficient. These developments include multi-wired methods for higher efficiency, trapezoidal stator radial flux for lightweight motors, and switched reluctance motors for low resistance.
Electric vehicles have gained traction over the past years, thanks to their ability to reduce emissions in the transport sector. Widespread adoption of EVs will, however, put pressure on the power grid and increase demand for raw materials for battery production. To ensure EVs are sustainable, automakers and battery manufacturers are building advanced battery technologies, enhancing electric motor performance, and integrating AI-algorithms in charging infrastructures to optimize charging time.